xxのCDが かいたいのです。[DATA EXPUNGED]のCDをかいたいとおもいます｡
Yeah, I know I said "と おもう" last time. For some reason, のです is feeling better with this structure... 気のせいかも Strictly speaking, spaces are not grammatical, but it's so much easier to read.
アメリカまでの ゆそうひは いくらですか。アメリカまでのゆそうひってなんですか。
Lol, you asked what "shipping to America" means. って is kinda tricky and not really suitable to this kind of (slightly) formal writing. いくら is the "how much is" for prices.
I'd then put a 「よろしくおねがいします。」 at the end (then your name on another line) and call it good.
ぼくの にほんごが じょうずじゃなくて すみません。(ぼくのにほんごがじょうずじゃなくてすみません。
If you want to use this, I'd put it first, after こんにちは、(not on the same line.)
Good. You can also combine those and say you're a 大学一年生（だいがくいちねんせい）--seriously, there's a word for everything.ぼくはアメリカのだいがくせいです｡ いちねんせいです｡
いいえ、ちがいます。 は does not mean "this noun is doing the action." It means "this being the thing I want to make a statement or ask a question about" and can be used with pretty much anything: subjects, objects, locations, circumstances, etc, etc. Example:Originally Posted by Kamikazen
sono e wa rei-chan ga kaita yo. sugoi na.
That picture, Rei-chan drew it. Ain't it awesome?
This feature (は・も・ば-conditional, etc.) doesn't exist it English, so it's a little hard to understand and very hard to understand by translation.
OK, I've been exploring conditional statements for a while and found something that is stumping me.
When you use the negative "root" nakattara, does that convey the past progressive/imperfect tense or something else?
No, it doesn't. I'm not sure how to make past conditional but I know that's not it.
"nakattara" includes the past particle "ta", but works in the same way as "nakereba", which doesn't include "ta".
Here is some examples:
kare-ga asobi-ni ko-nakereba[ko-nakattara], kanojo-wa kinou benkyou-shi-te i-ta-darou.
(If he hadn't come to play with her, she would have studied yesterday.)
kare-ga asobi-ni ki-te i-nakereba[i-nakattara], kanojo-wa ima benkyou-shi-te iru-darou.
(If he don't come to play with her, she would study now.)
kare-ga asobi-ni ko-nakereba[ko-nakattara], kanojo-wa ashita benkyou-suru-darou.
(If he don't come to play with her, she will study tomorrow.)
Last edited by Soulweaver; 25th February 2011 at 02:15 AM. Reason: glitch fix attempt
Also, about kanji, how do you know when to use the on-yomi and kun-yomi readings? A few examples would suffice.
And another thing, when reading words, i tend to slip on when a rendaku is present. If you don't mind, could you please explain under what circumstances rendakus occur in a word/kanji reading.
Last edited by Soulweaver; 25th February 2011 at 02:17 AM. Reason: glitch fix attempt
Simple question - how do you say this in polite masu/masen form
行かない→行かなくて (ikanai > ikanakute
行きません→？ (ikimasen > ?)
Is it simply ませんくて？ (masenkute)
Polite te-form is まして and negative polite te-form is ませんで, but the first is rarely used and I'm pretty sure I've never seen the second in the wild.
Usually, te-form is used in the middle of sentences and polite form only at the end, so they don't go together very often.
Thanks a lot.
What does "I'm going to light your [X] on fire" translate to?
I mean, beyond the basics, I know that ひにおつてけ has something to do with "to light on fire" or "to set fire to," but that's pretty much it...
And, I'll explain "nara" and "naraba".
Both of them can be used interchangeably, as far as I can imagine.
Unlike "nakattara", which includes the tense expression ("ta"), "nara" and "naraba" doesn't include any tense expression. Therefore, another tense expression are added before "nara" or "naraba". The added tense expression determines the tense of that clause.
Here's the examples:
kare-ga ki-te i-ta-nara(ba), kanojo-wa kinou benkyou-shi-te i-ta-darou.
kare-ga ki-ta-nara(ba), kanojo-wa kinou benkyou-shi-te i-ta-darou.
(If he had come, she would have been studying yesterday.)
kare-ga ki-te iru-nara(ba), kanojo-wa ima benkyou-shi-te iru-darou.
(If he come(=if he were here), she would be studying now.)
kare-ga kuru-nara(ba), kanojo-wa ashita benkyou-suru-darou.
kare-ga ki-ta-nara(ba), kanojo-wa ashita benkyou-suru-darou.
(If he comes, she will study tomorrow.)
"ki-te i-ta"(past) and "ki-te i-ru"(present) determine the tense of each clause. Past and present tense, in this case, likely to be the subjunctive mood. (So is the case of "nakattara".)
If you use past-form verb such as "ki-ta" with "nara(ba)", it will usually be the past tense, but it can also be future tense, according to the context.
Next, "on yomi" and "kun-yomi". Basic ideas for division are:
"on yomi" is used the word imported from china, often having abstruct or complicated meaning, often forms the "jukugo"(熟語/idiom) such as 会社(kaisha/company, corporation), and 仏教(bukkuou/buddhism).
"kun yomi" is used the Japanese native word. These words include many verbs, adjective, and the nouns for basic things. For exapmle, 走る(hashiru/run), 大きい(ookii/big), 水(mizu/water).
As you can see, if the kanji character appears separately, the kanji likely to be read as "kun yomi".
Last, rendaku occurs the head of the latter component of a compound, such as "manga-bon"(manga/comic + hon/book). But rendaku doesn't always occur and whether a compound includes rendaku or not cannot be predicted.
What's the difference of using Ji (じ,ぢ), then Zu (づ,ず)
In modern kana usage, the rules are:
ぢ immediately following ち in the same word:
ちぢまる -- to shrink
づ immediately following つ in the same word:
つづく -- to continue
But not kanji compounds:
いちじかんご - after an hour had passed
Compound words add 点々 to the original kana:
はな (nose) + ち (blood) = はなぢ (nosebleed)
き (ki / spirit) + つく (be stuck on) = きづく (to notice)
くつ (shoe) すみ (black ink) = くつずみ (black shoe polish)
All other cases are usually じ or ず
Older spelling is irregular.
Last edited by wildweathel; 18th March 2011 at 10:42 AM.
Uh~ I speak japanese, but not much. Watashi no baka! :3 (I know what I said, dont worry.)
I practiced my Japanese sentence writing and would like to ask if my sentences are correct please and thank you :)
Hey! I'm a samurai.
Oi! Watashi ha samurai.
This hat is green.
Kore midori ha boushi desu.
That car is red.
Sore akai ha kuruma desu.
Water is blue.
Mizu ha aoi desu.