I think everywhere, but yes, it was popular in the US as far back as the 60s/70s?? Particularly songbirds, quail and pheasants. But then, it's kind of outdated now that shot and BB guns exist and are so much easier (and humane imho). I'm pretty sure it was big in Europe too, though, since my dad is from Germany and that's where he said he grew up doing it.
The adage could also be a contributor too, though.